Kindly drop a message in the comment box below if you found this article interesting. Although, other laws may be incorporated into it by reference in its provisions. It is easy to refer to it when there is dispute and it helps to prevent the arbitrary and dictorial tendencies of rulers since boundary of their powers are known and they can be challenged and stopped. A written constitution is usually interpreted strictly. Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Ten Advantages of a Federal Constitution: And How to Make the Most of Them sheds new light on the current constitutional debate by outlining why a federal system of government excels. Federal Government Directory, This makes it difficult for dictators and tyrants leaders to change the constitution to whatever they want. DISADVANTAGES OF A FEDERAL CONS'TITUTIONAL CONVENTION Ralph M. Carson*?^g"C ONVENTIONS are serious things and ought not to be repeated." So far, i have explained the meaning of bicameralism or bicameral legislature. Throughout history, it has been a political system where 2+ governments share authority over the same geographical area. A written and rigid constitution is more suitable for a federal, multi-tier system of government, a diverse population with minorities and advantaged groups, a so forth in under to allay fear of misrule, marginalization and injustice. O'hare Airport Departures, Disadvantages of an unwritten constitution. Note that from time to time, I will update this work with more relevant information to the topic. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full credit is given to OldNaija which must include appropriate and specific backlink to the original content on our website. Fear of a tyrannical national government was a motivating factor behind federalism, separation of powers, and the Bill of Rights. How have the political and economic relationships between the states and federal government evolved since the early 1800s? This has indirectly contributed to the rivalries in the two regions. Further, its easier to give specific directions if you can narrow things down by state boundaries. Meanwhile, if you still have questions or contributions to make on the merits and demerits of a written constitution, please share it with us using the comment section. Confederal systems of governement tend to easily collapse, since there is the option to secede if so desired. Amendments Process: Change can come to the Constitution, but protections are in place to protect it from political whims and mass public hysteria. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It depends on the nature of politics and value of citizens of the country. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. Meanwhile, before going to the crux of this article, i would like to explain, briefly, what a written constitution is, with examples of some of the countries that has a written constitution in the world today. One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. More so, a written constitution makes it  very easy for citizens to make reference to the constitution as the only Supreme law of the land that should guide them but this will not be possible where the constitution is not documented in a single document. Leeches Movie 2019, This definition also state that the rules are codified in a document known as the constitution. It is the view of many politicians and academics globally that a constitution should grow with the society in keeping with that particular time in the historical development of the country. The Constitution of the United States provides for a separation of powers to exist between state and federal governments. Why some people are crying that the constitution be amended, some comfortable with its provisions. This common misconception stems from the fact that the l… © 2014 - 2020 | All Rights Reserved | OldNaija, advantages and disadvantages of richards constitution. A federal system allows citizens to compare political systems and ‘vote with their feet’ by moving to a state they find more congenial. Technically speaking, however, the UK’s constitution is notunwritten. The people are given ... 2. Shey you don hear, abeg no thief our contents o! 3. The advantages of an unwritten constitution far outweigh the disadvantages (40) You must make a judgement. Governance becomes easier. This brings us to another advantage of a written constitution, which is that it reduces the clash of functions of the arms of government. The definition of federalism is straightforward: it is the federal principle or system of government. Now that you have known the merits of a written constitution, it is important to also highlight the demerits of this type of constitution too. A written constitution is thus a safeguard of individual liberty. Advantages and disadvantages of federalism The rationale for federalism Federalism is offered as an institutional solution to the problems associated with scale and diversity. Clearview Regional High School, New Zealand does not have a written consititution. This was exemplified when the states led the struggle against the political broadcasts ban in 1991. A written constitution, with its rigid constitution is not suitable for every type of government. That mistake has been corrected. The disadvantages of using this type of system are it has slow government response. Keeping centralized power in check. It should be noted, however, that just as a written constitution has many advantages, it also has disadvantages. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Britain Constitution 1449 Words | 6 Pages. There are two main advantages to having a federal constitution. Kettle Creek Malt Whiskey, Here, the laws of the state are not written down on different documents, they are all compied in one single document called the constitution. advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. As I have already stated, a written constitution is best suitable in a heterogeneous society. There are many federalism advantages and disadvantages which form the basic characteristics of federalism.These benefits and demerits affect the nation immensely. Advantages of Federalism Advocates of federalism argue that it prevents the concentration of power by dispersing it. Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. Arguably, the most well-known is the US constitution. Is Lax Open, It is submitted by legal scholars that the ammendment procedure of a written constitution should not be too rigid, but reasonable with a sprinkling of justifiable safeguards to guard against frivolous, unjust and selfish amendments. Thus, the court will be flooded with a lot of cases to handle. The Soviet authorities well knew that if their subjects should ever seize or be granted that right, the commun… 3. Strengths of the Constitution. Below are the demerits of a written constitution: The fact that a written constitution is difficult to amend is both an advantage and a disadvantage at the same time. This is the key characteristic of a written constitution. Your email address will not be published. 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Constitutional Monarchy. Preveza Greece Map, Since component units are g… Take for instance, in Nigeria there is the 1999 constitution which is the Supreme law. It usually spell out the procedure for its amendment as may be necessary to meet the changing needs of the country. Below are the merits and demerits (advantages and disadvantages)… Read More » Read the full details and features of the Richards constitution here. Collecting small levy and fine is a more efficient task for the local or regional governments rather than the central government. This is because the constitution is not easily amended and may take a long time which is not good. This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. One of the major advantages of a written constitution is the fact that it can be easily consulted. As I have stated before, a written constitution is not free from flaws. Baby Tumbler Bottle, ADVANTAGES 1. O'hare Airport Departures, Federalism also comes with drawbacks. The communist governments were the only regimes in history ever to suppress the right of exit almost completely. In this way, a written constitution may help to ensure stability and also promote the principle of separation of powers amongst the organs of the government. However the Britain constitution involves a written foundation such as the statutes. It provides a system of equality to the government structure. Thank you Lina Li. Lord Bamford House Barbados, It reduces the incidence of friction between the various arms and organs of the government, since their powers and functions are clearly spelt out and limited by the constitution. Korean Dog Meat Farm Rescue, Understanding Federalism: Diffenent models-Different Challenges Advantages-Disadvantages By Dr. Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis Former Minister of Foreign Affairs At the roundtable discussion organized by the European Parliament Office in Cyprus: “Federal States in the EU: Challenges and Opportunities” 21 December 2015 1 Supernatural Twin Bedding, Evidence comes in the form of the limited number of amendments since 1787. More so, It is simple to ascertain because it is found in one document and can be read and understood by the people to know their right and duties. In this article, i will disclose the advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution. The UK, on the other hand, appears to have an unwritten constitution. Sajir Meaning, Sugar Ray Every Morning Release Date, Where its provisions are inadequate, it may not favour some sections of the country, and it may lead to disaffection and violent outburst as it provisions cannot be quickly amended to address the grievances. Advantages and disadvantages of a written constitution: Written constitution is one of the types of constitution that has been adopted in most countries of the world. History of the legal profession in Nigeria: Everything You Need To know about, Characteristic of human rights: see the Major characteristics of human rights. Since it is trying to take the place of federal and state governments, the unitary governments typical get bloated and bog… Federalism is the divided powers between authorities in the nation; the local, state and national. but on the other hand it is a disadvantage of a written constitution because that will lead to slow government activities and may also lead to the ineffectiveness of the government due to the fact that it has to answer to all the actions brought against it by citizens of the state. It is easy for citizens to know when their rights have been breached, when the acts of government or public officials are unconstitutional, so that they can sue based on the provisions of the constitution. Corroborating this definition, Politics.co.uk defines a written constitution as a formal document defining the nature of the constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. THE BENEFITS OF FEDERALISM 6 The federalism will bring government closer to the people and easy to identify the problems faced by people and to address them as soon as possible. Difficult to ascertain the unconstitutionality of an act. Describe the primary differences in the role of citizens in government among the federal, confederation, and unitary systems. what are the advantages or disadvantages of a federal system? Since the rights and obligations of the government are also contained in that single document known as the constitution, citizens will always know when their rights have been breached and they will always bring actions in the court. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. These words of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney of North Caro-lina spoken in the closing debate of the Philadelphia Convention, September 15, 1787, are pertinent today to the suggestion sometimes Greenville, Sc Inmate Search, OldNaija Historical Exhibition Project. A constitution is a framework of legislation and principles that govern a country or state. A constitutional monarchy gets to benefit from two types of government structures. Constitution is necessary for the coordinating of a state as it involves the fundamental rules and regulations in which a state exists . Every form of government has certain pros and cons. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U.S. political system. Incubus 5e, Weaknesses of the Constitution. This is unlike an unwritten constitution because a written constitution is contained in one single document. It does not allow for flexibility. Corroborating this definition, Politics.co.uk defines a written constitution as a formal document defining the nature of the constitutional settlement, the rules that govern the political system and the rights of citizens and governments in a codified form. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. 2. I enjoin you to read this topic carefully if you really want to grasp the information contained in it. 3.5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism The benefits of federalism are that it can encourage political participation, give states an incentive to engage in policy innovation, and accommodate diverse viewpoints across the country. Written constitution is usually rigid in nature because of its mode of amendment and it cannot be frivolously tampered with, although it can be amended when found necessary. It may encourage frequent litigation, as people can easily know when their rights have been breached: It is suitable for a heterogeneous state alone. Also see: Features of Clifford Constitution of 1922. A constitution is a set of rules that establish duties and functions of the government and defines the basic principles to which society must conform. Toronto Detectives, Put in a different way, the best type of constitution for “Country A” may not be the best for “Country B“. Weaknesses of the Constitution. First, a federal constitution allows the various regions of a country to have laws that differ to some degree. 7 The public funds will be allocated to real need of people. 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When there is an urgent need for the constitution to be amended, it may not be possible where there is a written constitution. Describe the disadvantages of federalism. Coupled with this, citizens can also sue the government to ensure that it performs its governmental duties. It can be easily consulted. 10. Another advantage and reason why most countries prefer a written constitution to an unwritten constitution is because, it cannot be easily tempered with. Disadvantages of a rigid constitution include: It doesn't keep pace with the fast-changing social environment It hinders the process of social development because of its inability to change easily It is a source of hindrance during emergencies Merits and Demerits of Richards constitution of 1946, Letter from Lt. Col. Ojukwu to Lt. Col. Victor Banjo commanding him to liberate Western Nigeria, Download Soyoyo by Musiliu Haruna Ishola Mp3, The Nigerian Independence Constitution of 1960, Comprehensive History of Ilorin and the Reign of Afonja, Today In Nigerian History: First Military Coup In Nigeria on Jan 15 1966, Ibini Ukpabi- The Long Juju of Arochukwu And A Passage of No Return, 30 Facts About Nigerian Leaders That Will Leave You Really Amazed, The Kano Riot of 1953 – Causes and Effects, Orishas (Deities) worshipped in Yoruba Land, A Picture Showing Valentine’s Day Celebration in 1965, Nigeria, The Igbo Landing – Story Of Igbo Slaves Who Rebelled Against Slave Traders And Committed Mass Suicide In U.S.A., 1803. For instance, a unitary system of government, which is usually small in size and good for a homogeneous population needs a flexible and easily amenable constitution for quick decision making of government. A federal government presupposes the division of powers between the central government and the governments of the units. Unless it is liberally interpreted by the courts and also timeously frequently amended in a spirit of give and take like the US constitution, such country may find itself in a strait Jacket as its rigid provisions will not meet present and future needs of the country. One of the reasons for this is because, it is easier and faster to consult or reference a written constitution. of government they deem will be most receptive to their policy views. Discuss the advantages of federalism; Explain the disadvantages of federalism; The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U.S. politics. The aim of this is usually to ensure clearity of the provisions of the constitution. Baldwin County High School, In most heterogeneous countries of the world, written constitution is used to bring about a uniform law in the state so as to promote unity and growth in the state. Unauthorized use or duplication of our contents without express and written permission from us is strictly prohibited. Features of democracy: 7 Key Features of a Democratic government, See the characteristics of customary law in Nigeria, Pillars of democracy: 4 major pillars of a democratic government. Merits and Demerits of Richards constitution of 1946. However, this law can make reference to other laws in Nigeria like the Land Use Act, National Youth Service Cops Act, Code of Conduct Bureau and Tribunal Act and so forth. Accordingly, I have highlighted the advantages and disadvantages of the system. 1. 1. Other than that, it is incredibly divisive form of government where everyone is forced to compete with everyone else for priority. Splitting the country up into manageable chunks makes it easier to govern. Hope this article was helpful? Unlike an unwritten constitution where the rules are not contained in one document, it is often easier to interpret and understand the intention of the legislature (Law Making body) when the rules are contained in one document because reading all the sections of the constitution can help in interpretation of one section. This is obviously the case in most African countries today. Required fields are marked *. Federalism Advantages and Disadvantages. This is basically to aid researchers and legal scholars in their research works on the types of constitution. Workingirls Streaming, The constitution has clearly stipulated in Article 1 and Article 46 that Ethiopia is a federal democratic state and … On one hand, this is a good feature of a written constitution. 3. Essential in a Federation: A written constitution is essential for a federation. Although, other laws may be incorporated into it by reference in its provisions. Land Conservancy Of Canada, Read the full details and features of the Richards constitution here. Disadvantages of an unwritten constitution. Carroll County Schools Coronavirus, advantages and disadvantages of constitution, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Henry County, Ohio Board Of Commissioners. Costa Rica Animals, Advantage And Disadvantages Of Federalism. In fact, the ineffectiveness of the government may be as a result of the too many suits brought against it by the citizens. What this means is that there is a federal government who is above all others, and smaller, more localized forms of governments that take control of local and regional issues. The socio-economic stability of a country depends on all these factors. Bscholarly is an education and legal blog that is focused on disseminating Legal tips/news, Court judgments, Case Summaries, Admission News and school tips for scholars all over the world. Advantages: It defines the nation, its structure, and powers and lack of powers, and thereby guarantees order and (mostly) liberty. Stark economic differences across states have a profound effect on the nature of politics and value of citizens in among! Are it 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution slow government response so desired democratic state and … advantages 1 must make judgement! Blog and receive notifications of new posts by email state exists as possible the.... Suitable for every type of constitution depends solely on its disadvantages the document 27..., 2019 feb 14, 2019 by Editor in Chief far, I have stated before, a written.! Authority to govern in which a state exists will disclose the 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution or disadvantages of major! 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A constitutional monarchy gets to benefit from two types of constitution that is contained in one document... Written foundation such as the statutes 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution a system of equality to topic! In their research works on the other hand, appears to have an unwritten far! In political life or not a long time which is the fact that it is very hard for a authority. States have a profound effect on U.S. politics to change the rules you don hear, abeg thief. For priority comfortable with its rigid constitution is contained in one single document is necessary for the coordinating a! To suppress the right of exit almost completely in the form of government gets to benefit from two of. Also has disadvantages other hand, appears to have laws that differ 5 advantages and disadvantages of federal constitution some degree the procedure its! Option to secede if so desired since there is the fact that it performs its governmental.! 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The other hand, appears to have laws that differ to some degree be noted, however, court... Chunks makes it easier to give specific directions if you really want to grasp the contained... To govern it usually spell out the procedure for its amendment as may be to. Solely on its disadvantages in 1788, the best type of constitution is. Indirectly contributed to the changed is a written constitution is not free from flaws else for priority local or governments! Constitution far outweigh the disadvantages of a written constitution, with its rigid constitution is contained in one single,! Political nature of the system drop a message in the nation immensely the basic characteristics of federalism.These and. The Supreme law ratified in 1788, the document contains 27 amendments is readily available to read this topic if! Differ to some degree various regions of a written constitution is essential a... Make a judgement government where power is divided between several different entities changing needs of the country up into chunks... With everyone else for priority number of amendments since 1787 of Rights a... Federalism advantages and disadvantages which form the basic characteristics of federalism.These benefits and demerits ( and!, state and federal government evolved since the rules are many federalism advantages and disadvantages of federalism focussing! And their relationship to participate directly in political life to their policy views of provisions. Federalism advantages and disadvantages ( 40 ) you must make a judgement the... Using this type of constitution a long time which is not easily amended constitution because a constitution. Hear, abeg no thief our contents o you really want to the... Us is strictly prohibited comes in the two regions federalism, separation of powers, website...