He was the son of a famous Roman jurist, studied jurisprudence at Perugia and Siena, and theology under the Dominican, Ambrosius Catharinus. Although still very young, barely thirty years of age, he had shown great qualities of intelligence and statecraft and had the maturity and judgment of an experienced tactician. Pope Julius III : biography 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555 Shortly before his death, Julius dispatched Cardinal Giovanni Morone to represent the interests of the Holy See at the Peace of Augsburg.Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571, Vol. Omissions? Distinguished as an effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate after the death of Paul III. Pope Julius II (Latin: Iulius Secundus; December 5, 1443 - February 21, 1513), originally Giuliano Della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 217th Pope from 1503 until his death in 1513. [2], In 1512, Ciocchi del Monte became Archbishop of Siponto (Manfredonia) in Apulia. Birth and Education. Genealogy for Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, pope Julius III (1487 - 1555) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Julius is the third youngest Pope to be elected at the age of 77 and the 109th from Fabria. [2], Pope Paul III made Ciocchi del Monte a Cardinal in 1536. He also became known as "the warrior pope" and il papa terribile. Julius III February 7, 1550 - March 23, 1555 . 10. Pope Julius III (Latin: Iulius III; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 7 … [2], Pope Julius re-opened the Council of Trent. Unfortunately, military and political problems led to its second suspension in 1552. Pope Julius III. He was the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV. Pope Julius III. "Jules III." Positions in the Church Pope Julius III was born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte in Rome in 1487. This page was last changed on 15 June 2020, at 17:42. Julius III (1487 – 1555), was a career diplomat who became pope and head of the Papal States from 1550 until his death five years later. Pope Julius III (Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte) 1550.02.07 – 1555.03.23 Pope Julius II was known as the "Warrior Pope" because he was a true successor of Gaius Julius Caesar. The Romans proclaimed that if Pope Julius II had not been a great pope, he had been a good king.. Giuliano della Rovere, born in poverty at Albisola in Liguria in 1443, became one of the most powerful of the Renaissance popes. Matthias Wivel, our Curator of 16th-century Italian paintings, gives a talk about the portrait of Julius II by Raphael. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Distinguished as a effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate. Julius III, original name Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, (born Sept. 10, 1487, Rome [Italy]—died March 23, 1555, Rome), pope from 1550 to 1555. Pope Julius III ( Latin: Julius Tertius; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 222nd Pope from February 1550 until his death in 1555. [3], Media related to Iulius III at Wikimedia Commons, Peter Linus Anacletus (Cletus) Clement I Evaristus Alexander I Sixtus I Telesphorus Hyginus Pius I Anicetus Soter Eleuterus Victor I Zephyrinus Callixtus I Urban I Pontian Anterus Fabian Cornelius Lucius I Stephen I Sixtus II Dionysius Felix I Eutychian Caius Marcellinus Marcellus I Eusebius Miltiades Sylvester I Mark, Julius I Liberius Damasus I Siricius Anastasius I Innocent I Zosimus Boniface I Celestine I Sixtus IIILeo I Hilarius Simplicius Felix III Gelasius I Anastasius II Symmachus Hormisdas John I Felix IV Boniface II John II Agapetus I Silverius Vigilius Pelagius IJohn III Benedict I Pelagius II Gregory I Sabinian Boniface III Boniface IV Adeodatus I, Boniface V Honorius I Severinus John IV Theodore I Martin I Eugene IVitalian Adeodatus II Donus Agatho Leo II Benedict II John V Conon Sergius I John VI John VII Sisinnius Constantine Gregory II Gregory IIIZachary Stephen II Paul I Stephen III Adrian I Leo III Stephen IV Paschal I Eugene II Valentine Gregory IV, Sergius II Leo IV Benedict III Nicholas I Adrian II John VIII Marinus I Adrian III Stephen V Formosus Boniface VI Stephen VI Romanus Theodore II John IX Benedict IV Leo V Sergius III Anastasius III Lando John X Leo VI Stephen VII John XI Leo VII Stephen VIII Marinus II Agapetus II John XII Benedict V Leo VIII John XIII Benedict VI, Benedict VII John XIV John XV Gregory V Sylvester II John XVII John XVIII Sergius IV Benedict VIII John XIX Benedict IXa Sylvester III Benedict IXa Gregory VI Clement II Benedict IXa Damasus II Leo IX Victor II Stephen IX Nicholas II Alexander II Gregory VII Victor III Urban II Paschal II Gelasius II Callixtus II Honorius II Innocent II Celestine II Lucius II Eugene III, Anastasius IV Adrian IV Alexander III Lucius III Urban III Gregory VIII Clement III Celestine III Innocent III Honorius III Gregory IX Celestine IV Innocent IV Alexander IV Urban IV Clement IV Gregory X Innocent V Adrian V John XXIb Nicholas III Martin IV Honorius IV Nicholas IV Celestine V Boniface VIII Benedict XIb Clement V John XXII Benedict XII Clement VI Innocent VI Urban V, Gregory XI Urban VI Boniface IX Innocent VII Gregory XII Martin V Eugene IV Nicholas V Callixtus III Pius II Paul II Sixtus IV Innocent VIII Alexander VI Pius III Julius II Leo X Adrian VI Clement VII Paul III Julius III Marcellus II Paul IV Pius IV Pius V Gregory XIII Sixtus V Urban VII Gregory XIV Innocent IX Clement VIII Leo XI Paul V, Gregory XV Urban VIII Innocent X Alexander VII Clement IX Clement X Innocent XI Alexander VIII Innocent XII Clement XI Innocent XIII Benedict XIII Clement XII Benedict XIV Clement XIII Clement XIV Pius VI Pius VII Leo XII Pius VIII Gregory XVI Pius IX Leo XIII Pius X Benedict XV Pius XI Pius XII John XXIII Paul VI John Paul I John Paul IIBenedict XVIFrancis, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Roman Catholic Pope, 1503-13. Pope Julius III. Julius III’s brother legally adopted the boy when he was 17, at Julius’s insistence, endowing him with the Pope’s family name: Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte. He attempted to stop cardinals from receiving too many benefices and to restore monastic discipline. [2], Pope Julius was involved in Italian and European political disputes. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. NOW 50% OFF! Created a scandal because he made a 17 year old street boy, probably his lover, into a cardinal immediately after his election as pope. Updates? It has a constituency of…. At the beginning of his pontificate Julius III had the earnest desire to … He chose Julius as his papal name in honor of Pope Julius III (1940-1952). a) 7 February 1550 b) 14 May 1549 c) 18 August 1548 d) 11 November 1546. Died 23 March 1555. Achievements as pope. In February, 1555, an embassy was sent by the English Parliament to Julius III to inform him of its unreserved submission to the papal supremacy, but the embassy was still on its journey when the pope died. … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Shortly before his death Julius III sent Cardinal Morone to represent the Catholic interest at the Religious Peace of Augsburg. Link to Wikipedia biography. Papal Artifacts. a) Alfredo Ottaviani b) Sandro Bennelli c) Giovanni Ursi d) Ottavio Farnese. Biography of Pope Julius III (excerpt) Pope Julius III (September 10, 1487 – March 23, 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from February 7, 1550 to 1555. Julius III Fell in Love with a … The new pope took the name of Julius III. Pope Julius III (Latin: Iulius III; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. Julius III, original name Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, (born Sept. 10, 1487, Rome [Italy]—died March 23, 1555, Rome), pope from 1550 to 1555. ! Pope Julius II. Italian ecclesiastic and Pope of the Roman Catholic Church on 7 Feb 1550. The Innocenzo scandal Julius’s papacy […] [1], Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte was born in Rome in 1487. Glorified in Perugia Pope Julius III, born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. Burkle-Young, Francis A., and Michael Leopoldo Doerrer. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. Venice was the first to feel the strong hand of Julius II. Elected pope on Feb. 7, 1550, he realized that a reform of the church was urgent, and he appointed a commission that recommended resumption of the Council of Trent, which Julius reopened on May 1, 1551. Jean de Monluc (3,162 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Valence-and-Die by King Henry II of France in 1553, and confirmed by Pope Julius III on 30 March 1554. Pope Julius III, whom Camiani had come to know at the council, appointed him Bishop. He became Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina in 1543. A patron of the arts, he commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling. As pope, he took some half hearted stabs at reforming what had become a notoriously corrupt Catholic Church, but he much preferred to … Nicknamed “Il terrible” by his contemporaries and the “Warrior Pope” by historians, Julius II’s early sixteenth-century pontificate marked a notable political and militaristic expansion of the papacy. PRE-PAPAL BACKGROUND . Dictionnaire historique et critique. As a cardinal, he served as co-president of the Council of Trent in 1545, with cardinals Cervini (later Pope Marcellus II) and Pole. For the accomplishment of this task no pope was ever better suited than Julius, whom nature and circumstances had hewn out for a soldier. Following the death of Pope John XII on 9 March 2015, a papal conclave elected Ciano as his successor on 15 March. As Pope he made only reluctant and short-lived attempts at reform, mostly devoting himself to a life of personal pleasure. He was known as "the Warrior Pope." He was created cardinal by Pope Paul III in 1536, filled several important legations, and was elected pope on the 7th of February 1550, despite the opposition of Charles V , whose enmity he had incurred as president of the council of Trent. In fulfilment of promises made in the conclave, Julius restored Parma to Ottavio Farnese a few days after his accession. 9. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Julius-III, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Pope Julius III. His interest in the Society of Jesus (a religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola) influenced him to establish the Collegium Germanicum (1552) to train German priests in Rome under the Jesuits. Pope Julius II was also known as Giuliano della Rovere. Whom did Julius III confirm as Duke of Parma? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth (the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce. When was Julius III elected pope? Corrections? The last of the High Renaissance Popes, he was born in Rome, the son of a famous jurist. Heraldic symbols of Pope Julius III Bologna was the second city of the Papal State but retains very few coats of arms, because in 1797, under the influence of the French Revolution, all signs of the Popes were destroyed. Biography. 12. Pope Julius II. Genealogy profile for Pope Julius III. Born at Rome, 10 September, 1487; died there, 23 March, 1555. Birthplace: Albisola, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: Fever Remains: Buried, St. Julius II, born Giuliano della Rovere, Roman Catholic Pope from the 1st of November 1503 to the 21st of February 1513, was born at Savona in 1443. He attended the universities of Perugia and Siena. Pope Julius III ( ; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was the head of the Catholic Church from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555.. [2], Ciocchi del Monte studied law at the University of Perugia and the University of Siena. The Farnese cardinal’s diplomatic skills made him an invaluable aid to the five pontiffs in whose election he participated—Pius III, Julius II, Leo X, Adrian VI, and Clement VII—before he himself emerged as the Roman pontiff on Oct. 13, 1534. Pope Julius III (10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from 7 February 1550 to 1555. Pope Julius II was known for sponsoring some of the greatest artwork of the Italian Renaissance, including the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo . From the Catholic Encyclopedia (GIAMMARIA CIOCCHI DEL MONTE). After falling in love with a homeless boy in Parma, the future Pope Julius III convinced his brother to adopt him. Pope Julius III (Latin: Julius Tertius; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 222nd Pope from February 1550 until his death in 1555. https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Julius_III&oldid=6990608, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Julius Tertius (Latin); Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (birth name), Bayle, Pierre. a) 23 March 1555 b) 9 August 1554 c) 16 June 1556 d) 21 December 1553 Nicknamed the Warrior Pope or the Fearsome Pope, he chose his papal name not in honour of Pope Julius I but in emulation of Julius Caesar. The third faction consisted of the creatures of the late Pope under the command of Farnese, his ungrateful grandson. Expecting to find the New Jerusalem, he found an open sewer instead! His splendid Villa Giulia in Rome is by most people associated with Pope Julius II (the background shows a detail of the decoration of a Villa window). Pope Julius III (Giovanni Maria de' Ciocchi del Monte) has little place in history or in theology and he is almost forgotten. In 1511, monk Martin Luther visited Roma. Julius carried on his affair with Innocenzo throughout his pontificate, making his inept young lover a cardinal. 216 th Pontiff (1503-1513). The pope outrageously appointed Innocenzo as “Cardinal-Nephew” and provided the boy with so many “benefices” with an income that was one of the highest in Europe. Like his father, who was a well-known jurist, he studied law. Yet the façade of Palazzo Comunale still shows, disguised as decorations, the symbols of Julius III. After a career as a distinguished and effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate after the death of Paul III. IV, (The American Philosophical Society, 1984), 603. As a cardinal, he served as co-president of the Council of Trent in 1545, with cardinals Cervini (later Pope Marcellus II) and Pole. Pope Julius II (Italian: Papa Giulio II; Latin: Iulius II; born Giuliano della Rovere; 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 1503 to his death in 1513. [2], He participated in the Council of Trent. When did Julius III die? [2], Cardinal Ciocchi del Monte was elected pope on 7 February 1550. Julius III, born Giovanni Maria del Monte, Roman Catholic Pope from 1550 to 1555, was born on the 10th of September 1487. AKA Giuliano della Rovere. 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